The Institute of Ismaili Studies

Publication Content

The Unthought in Contemporary Islamic Thought


London: Saqi Books in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies, 2002, pp. 352.

ISBN (Hardback): 0 86356 918 8
Synopsis

Publication page on Google Books

Download PDF version of Introduction (398 KB)

 
The Unthought in Contemporary Islamic Thought makes available for the first time the breadth and depth of Mohammed Arkoun’s thought to an English readership and reaffirms the significance of his contribution to Modern Islamic Studies and Religious Studies more generally.

Drawing on the tools and methodologies of history, sociology, psychology and anthropology, the work combines a critical review of modern studies dedicated to what is generally labelled ‘Islam’ with an assessment of the original texts treated in those studies as sources of genuine information. By doing so, Arkoun’s approach subjects varying belief–systems (including non–belief), traditions of exegesis, theology and jurisprudence to a critique aimed at liberating reason from dogmatic constructs.

By treating Islam as a religion as well as a time–honoured tradition of thought, Mohammed Arkoun’s work aims at overcoming the limitations of a purely descriptive, narrative and chronological treatment of history. He does so by recommending that the entire development of Muslim thought, from the Qur’anic worldview to the range of contemporary discourses, be subjected to critical analysis – an analysis that will engender a discussion as to how Islamic studies and thought can be brought to the level of the fertile criticisms witnessed in European scholarship and historical development since the 17th century.

In the work, Professor Arkoun pays as much attention to exploring the epistemological options underlying the different types of discourses, as to the development of facts, events, ideas, beliefs, performances, institutions, works of art and individual biographies based on reliable archives. He argues that writing history, without making an issue of each word, each concept, each attitude used by the social protagonists, is misleading and even dangerous for people who assimilate the representations of the past proposed by historians as the undisputable truth about the past. He asserts that this is why each social group has itself built an image of its past without having the means of differentiating the mythical or ideological image from the critical approaches provided by modern historians.

Each of the book’s eight essays addresses some of these concerns by referring to a number of larger tensions which, Mohammed Arkoun asserts, remain ‘unthought’ in contemporary Islamic discourse – topics that have been addressed, in some cases, in academic scholarship on Islam, but have been relegated into the domain of the ‘unthinkable’.

The first two chapters introduce ways of ‘problematising’ the larger category of revelation through the example of the Qur’an and proposes a programme of research aimed at constructing a new field for the comparative study of revelation as a historic, linguistic, cultural and anthropological articulation of thought, common to Christianity, Judaism and Islam.

Likewise, seven other themes related to large and complex domains of modern debates are introduced in the following chapters: problems of the state, civil society, the individual and human rights; the concept of the person, the individual and the citizen; belief, non–belief and the construction of the human subject in Muslim contexts; authority and power and ‘religious imaginaire’.

Outlining the author’s life–work and thought for the first time in English, the essays in this book explore the tensions that have challenged the author since the beginning of his academic career, providing an up–to–date and acute insight into his thought and methodology. The book will be an invaluable asset for those concerned with the contemporary world as viewed through the disciplines of Islamic and Religious Studies, Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology and History.


Contents

Introduction: Thinking the Unthinkable and the Unthought in Contemporary Islamic Thought

  1. A Critical Introduction to Qur’anic Studies
  2. The Cognitive Status and Normative Functions of Revelation: The Example of the Qur’an
  3. Belief and the Construction of the Subject in Islamic Contexts
  4. Logocentrism and Religious Truth in Islamic Thought: The Example of al–I‘lam bi–manaqib al–Islam
  5. Authority and Power in Islamic Thought
  6. The Concept of Person in Islamic Tradition
  7. Aspects of Religious Imaginary: The Examples of the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto
  8. The Rule of Law and Civil Society in Muslim Contexts: Beyond Dualist Thinking


Bibliography

‘Abed, Shukri B. (ed.) Aristotelian Logic and the Arabic Language in al–Farabi, New York: SUNY, 1991.

‘Ajina, Muhammad: Mawsu‘at asatir al–‘rab ‘ani–l–jahilliyya wa dalalatuha, vols I–II, Beirut, 1994.

Akbar, A. and Hastings, D. (eds.) Islam, Globalisation and Postmodernity, London: Routledge, 1994.

Aktouf, ‘Omar Traditional Management and Beyond. A Matter for Renewal, Paris: Morin, 1996.

Alter, Robert: L’art du récit biblique, Antwerp: Lessius, 2000.

Amir–Moezzi, M. A.(ed.) Le voyage initiatique en terre d'islam. Ascensions célestes et itinéraires spirituels, Leuven; Peeters, 1996.

Annales, Economies, Societés, Civilisations, Paris: Editions Armand Colin.

Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions: Croire et modernité, Paris: CNRS, 1993/81.

Astington, Janet Wilde Comment les enfants découvrent la pensée, Paris: Editions Retz, 1999.

Audouard, Xavier Sortir de la croyance : L'ici–au–delà, Paris: L'Harmattan, 1997.

al–‘Azmeh, ‘Aziz Muslim Kinship. Power and the Sacred in Muslim, Christian and Pagan Polities, London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 1997.

Badiou, Alain Saint Paul: La fondation de l'universalisme, Paris: PUF, 1997.

Ballantyne, W. M. Essays and Addresses on Arab Laws, London: Curzon, 2000.

Bar–Asher, Meir M. Scripture and Exegesis in Early Shiism, Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Bashear, S. Arabs and Others in Early Islam, Princeton: Darwin Press, 1997.

Bedarida, F. L'histoire et le métier d'historien en France (1945–1995), Paris: Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 1995.


Bensaid, Daniel Marx l'intempestif: Grandeurs et misères d'une aventure critique, Paris: Fayard, 1995.

Benmakhlouf, Ali La raison et la question des limites, Casablanca: Editions Le Fennec, 1997.

Bleuchot, Hervé Les cultures contre l'homme? Essai d'anthropologie historique du droit pénal soudanais, Aix–en–Provence: Presses Universitaires d'Aix–Marseille, 1994.

Bloch, Maurice La violence du religieux, Paris: Editions Odile Jacob, 1997.

Bois, Guy La grande dépression médiévale: XIV–XVes siècles; le précédent d'une crise systémique, Paris: PUF, 2000.

——La Mutation de l'an mil: Lournand, village mâconnais de l'Antiquité au féodalisme, Paris: Fayard, 1989.

Boon, James Other Tribes, Other Scribes: Symbolic Anthropology in the Comparative Study of Cultures, Histories, Religions and Texts, Cambridge: CUP, 1982.

Botiveau, Bernard Loi islamique et droit dans les sociétés arabes, Paris: Karthala–IREMAM, 1993.

Brockopp, Jonathan E. Early Maliki Law. Ibn 'Abd al–Íakam and his Major Compendium of Jurisprudence, Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Boutier J. and Julia D. Passés recomposés: Champs et chantiers de l'histoire, Paris: Autrement, no. 150–151, 1995.

Brunner, R. and Ende, W. The twelver Shi‘a in Modern Times, Leiden: Brill, 2001.


Bulliet, Richard W. Islam. The View from the Edge, New York: Columbia University Press, 1994.

Burton, John The Sources of Islamic Law: Islamic Theories of Abrogation, Edinburgh: EUP, 1990.

Calder, Norman Studies in Early Muslim Jurisprudence, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Canto–Sperber, Monique Dictionnaire d’Ethique et de philosophie morale, Paris: PUF, 1997.

Caroll, D. (ed.) The States of ‘Theory’: History, Art and Critical Discourse, New York: Columbia University Press, 1990.

Carter, Stephen Culture of Disbelief: How American Law and Politics Trivialize Religious Devotion, New York: Anchor Books, 1993.

Chabbi, Jacqueline Le Seigneur des tribus: L'Islam de Mahomet, Paris: Noêsis, 1996.

Chabry, Laurent and Annie Identités et stratégies politiques dans le monde arabo–musulman, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001.

Chaumont, Eric Le livre des rais illuminant les fondements de la compréhension de la loi. Traité de théorie légale musulmane, traduction du Kitab al–luma‘ fi usul al–fiqh d’Abu Ishaq Ibrahim al–Shirazi (m. 476/1083), Berkeley: Robbins collection, 1999.

Colonna, Fanny Les versets de l'invincibilité, Paris: Presses de la fondation nationale des sciences politiques, 1995.

Comte–Sponville, André and Ferry, Luc La sagesse des modernes. Dix questions pour notre temps, Paris: Editions Robert Laffont, 1998.

Cook, Michael Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought, Cambridge: CUP, 2000.

Crone, Patricia Roman, Provincial and Islamic Law, Cambridge: CUP, 1987.

Crone, P. and Zimmermann, F. W. The Epistle of Salim ibn Dhakwan, Oxford: OUP, 2001.

Dakhliya, Jocelyne Le divan des rois. Le politique et le religieux dans l'Islam, Paris: Aubier, 1998.

Dartiguenave, Jean–Yves Rites et ritualité. Essai sur l'altération sémantique de la ritualité, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001.

Debashi, Hamid Truth and Narrative. The Untimely Thoughts of ‘Ayn al–Qudat al–Hamadhani, London: Curzon, 1999.

Donner, Fred M. Narratives of Islamic Origins. The Beginnings of Islamic Historical Writing, Princeton: Darwin Press, 1998.

Duchet, Michèle Anthropologie et histoire au siècle des Lumières, Paris: Editions Albin Michel, 1995.

Duprat, Annie Le roi décapité: Essai sur les imaginaires politiques, Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1993.

Dupret, Baudouin Au nom de quel droit?, Paris: CEDEJ, 2000.

Dutton, Yasin The Origins of Islamic Law, London: Curzon, 1999.

Ellis, John M. Against Deconstruction, Princeton: PUP, 1989.

ESS, Josef van: Theologie und Gesellschaft im 2 und 3 Jahr hundert Hidschra. Eine Geschichte des religiösen Denkens im frühen Islam, 6 vols, Berlin: De Gruyter, 1991–1997.

Fernhout, Rein Canonical Texts. Bearers of Absolute Authority. Bible, Koran, Veda, Tipitaka, Amsterdam: Editions Rodopi Bv, 1994.

Firestone, Reuvin Jihad: The Origin of Holy war in Islam, Oxford: OUP, 1999.

Flori, Jean Pierre L'Hermite et la première croisade, Paris: Fayard, 1999.

——Croisade et chevalerie, Paris and Bruxelles: De Boek Université, 1999.

Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought, 2nd ed., London: Harper Collins, 1999.

Fontenay, E. de Le silence des bêtes: La philosophie à l'épreuve de l'animalité, Paris: Fayard, 1998.

Fukuyama, Francis The End of History and the Last Man, London: Macmillan, 1992.

Fraade, Steven D. From Tradition to Commentary: Torah and its Interpretation in the Midrash Sifre to Deuteronomy, New York: SUNY, 1991.

Gauchet, Marcel Révolution des pouvoirs, Paris: Gallimard, 1995.

——La religion dans la démocratie: Parcours de la laïcité, Paris: Gallimard, 1998.

Geertz, Clifford After the Fact: Two Countries, Four Decades, One Anthropologist, Cambridge: HUP, 1994.

Gellner, E. Post–modernism, Reason and Religion, London: Routledge, 1992.

Gerber, Haim Islamic Law and Culture, 1600–1840, Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Gilliot, Claude Exégèse, langue et théologie en islam: L'exégèse coranique de Tabari, Paris: Vrin, 1990.

Girard, René Je vois Satan tomber comme l'éclair, Paris: Editions Grasset, 1999.

Gisel, Pierre La théologie face aux sciences religieuses, Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1999.

Gisel, Pierre and Evrard, Patrick (eds) La théologie en postmodernité, Geneva: Labor et Fides, 1996.

Gleave, Robert Inevitable Doubt: Two Theories of Shi‘i Jurisprudence, Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Gleave, R. and Kermely, E. Islamic Law. Theory and Practice, London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2001.

Goldingay, John Models for Interpretation of Scripture, Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 1995.

Goody, Jack The Domestication of the Savage Mind, Cambridge: CUP, 1977.

Gosselin, Gabriel and Lavaud, Jean–Pierre Ethnicité et mobilisations sociales, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2001.

Graham, William Divine Word and Prophetic Word in Early Islam: A Reconsideration of the Sources, with Special Reference to the Divine Saying, or Hadith Qudsi, The Hague: Mouton, 1977.

——Beyond the Written Word. Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion, Cambridge: CUP, 1987.

Greimas, A. J. and Courtes, J. Sémiotique. Dictionnaire raisonné de la théorie du langage, Paris vol. 1, 1979; vol. 2, 1986.

Gutas, Dimitri Greek Thought, Arabic Culture, London: Routledge, 1998.

Habermas, J. Critique de la raison fonctionaliste, Paris: Fayard, 1987.

——Der philosophische diskurs der Moderne, Frankfurt/Main: Suhrkamp, 1985.

Halbwachs, Maurice La topographie légendaire des évangiles en terre sainte: Etude de mémoire collective, Paris: PUF, 1941.

Hall, John A. (ed.) Civil Society: Theory, History, Comparison, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995.

Hallaq, Wa’el B. Law and Legal Theory in Classical and Medieval Islam, London: Variorum Reprints, 1992.

——A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An introduction to Sunni Usul al–Fiqh, Cambridge: CUP, 1997.

——Ibn Taymiyya against the Greek Logicians, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Hammoudi, Abdallah Masters and Disciples, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Henderson, John B. Scripture, Canon and Commentary: A Comparison of Confucian and Western Exegesis, Princeton: PUP, 1991.

Hervieu–Leger, D. La religion pour mémoire, Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1993.

El–Hibri, Tayyeb Reinterpreting Islamic Historiography: Harun al–Rashid and the Narrative of the ‘Abbasid Caliphate, Cambridge: CUP, 1999.

Hick, John An Interpretation of Religion: Human Responses to Transcendent, London: Macmillan, 1989.

History and Theory (journal).

Hooker, Morna D. The Signs of a Prophet. The Prophetic Actions of Jesus, London: SCM Press, 1997.

Hoyland, R. G. Seeing Islam as Others Saw it: A Survey and Evaluation of Christian, Jewish and Zoroastrian Writings on Early Islam, Princeton: PUP, 1997.

Humphreys, R. S. Islamic History Revised, Princeton: PUP, 1991.

——Between Memory and Desire. The Middle East in a Troubled Age, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Iogna–Prat, Dominique Ordonner et exclure: Cluny et la société chrétienne face à l'hérésie, au Judaïsme et à l'Islam, Paris: Aubier, 1998.

Jackson, Sherman Islamic Law and the State: The Constitutional Jurisprudence of Shihab al–din al–Qarafi, Leiden: Brill, 1996.

Jammard, J–L., Terray, E. and Xanthakou, M. (eds) En substances, textes pour François Héritier, Paris: Fayard, 2000.

Journal of Islamic Law and Society, Leiden: Brill, 1994.

Johansen, Baber: Contingency in a Sacred Law: Legal and Ethical Norms in the Muslim Fiqh, Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Kelsen, H. Théorie générale du droit et de l'état, suivi de la doctrine du droit naturel et le positivisme juridique, Brussels: Librairie générale de droit et de jurisprudence, 1997.

Khalidi, Tarif Arab Historical Thought in the Classical Period, Cambridge: CUP, 1995.

Kozakaï, Toshiaki L'étranger, l'identité. Essai sur l'intégration culturelle, Lausanne: Payot, 2001.

Kugel, James L. The Bible as it Was, Cambridge: Belknap Press, 1997.

Kohlberg, Etan Belief and Law in Imami Shi‘ism, London: Variorum Reprints, 1991.

Lacoste, J. Yves Dictionnaire de théologie, Paris: PUF, 1998.

Lagardère, Vincent La vie sociale et économique de l'Espagne musulmane aux 11e et 12e siècles à travers les fatwas du Mi‘yar d’al–Wansharisi, Madrid: Mélanges de la Casa Velasquez and Paris: Editions de Boccard, 1990.

Lambert, Jean Le Dieu distribué: Une anthropologie comparée des monothéismes, Editions du Cerf, 1995.

Laot, Laurento La laïcité, un défi mondial, Paris: Editions de l'Atelier, 1998.

Layish, Aharon Bedouin of the Judean Desert: Islamization of a Tribal Society: A Study Based on Legal Documents of Arbitrators and Shari‘a Court.

Lecker, Michael Muslims, Jews and Pagans: Studies on Early Islamic Medina, Leiden: Brill, 1995.

Leeuwen, Richard van Waqfs and Urban Structures: The Case of Ottoman Damascus, Leiden: Brill, 1999.

Lepetit, Bernard Les formes de l'expérience: Une autre histoire sociale, Paris: Editions Albin Michel, 1995.

Levering, Miriam (ed.) Rethinking Scripture: Essays from a Comparative Perspective, New York: SUNY, 1989.

Lloyd, Geoffrey E. R. Demystifying Mentalities, Cambridge: CUP, 1990.

Lüdemann, Gerd The Unholy in the Holy Scripture: The Dark Side of the Bible, London: Westminster John Knox Press, 1997.

Lurol, Gérard E. Mounier: Le lieu de personne, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000.

McChesney, R. D. Waqf in Central Asia: Four Hundred Years in the History of a Muslim Shrine, 1480–1889, Princeton: PUP, 1991.

Madelung, Wilferd The Succession to Muhammad: A Study of the Early Caliphate, Cambridge: CUP, 1996.

Madigan, D. A. The Qur’an’s Self–image. Writing and Authority in Islam's Scripture, Princeton: PUP, 2001.

Magonet, Jonathan The Subversive Bible, London: SCM Press, 1997.

Makdisi, Georges Ibn ‘Aqil: Religion and Culture in Classical Islam, Edinburg: EUP, 1997.

Mallat, Shibli The Renewal of Islamic Law, Cambridge: CUP, 1993.

Malrieu, Philippe La construction des imaginaires, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000.

Mardin, Serif The Genesis of Young Ottoman Thought: A Study in the Modernisation of Turkish Political Ideas, Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2000.

Martinez, Luis La guerre civile en Algérie, Paris: Karthala, 1998.

Martinez–Gros, Gabriel L’idéologie omeyyade: La construction de la légitimité du Califat de Cordoue, Madrid: Bibliothèque de la Casa de Velázquez, 1992.

Mas‘ud, Muhammad Kh., Messick, Brinkley and Powers, David (eds): Islamic Legal Interpretation. Muftis and their Fatwas, Cambridge: HUP, 1996.

Mas‘ud, Muhammad Kh. Iqbal’s Reconstruction of Ijtihad, Lahore: Iqbal Academy, 1995.

Melchert, Christopher The Formation of the Sunni Schools of Law, 9th–10th Centuries, Leiden: Brill, 1997.

Merlin, Donald Origins of the Modern Mind: Three Stages in the Evolution of Culture and Cognition, Cambridge: HUP, 1991.

Meslin, M. L’expérience humaine du divin, Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1988.

Minois, Georges Histoire de l'athéisme, Paris: Fayard, 1998.

Moaddel, Mansoor Class, Politics and Ideology in the Iranian Revolution, New York: Columbia University Press, 1993.

Mojaddidi, Jawid A. The Biographical Tradition in Sufism, London: Curzon, 2001.

Momigliano, Arnaldo Problèmes d'historiographie ancienne et moderne, Paris: Gallimard, 1983.

Namer, Gérard Halbwachs et la mémoire sociale, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000.

Nasir, Jamal The Islamic Law of Personal Status, London: Graham and Trotman Ltd, 1990.

Nerhot, Patrick Law, Writing, Meaning. An Essay in Legal Hermeneutics, Edinburgh: EUP, 1992.

Newman, Andrew J. The Formative Period of Twelver Shi‘ism: Hadith as Discourse between Qum and Baghdad, London: Curzon, 2000.

Nock, Arthur Darby Conversion: The Old and the new in Religion from Alexander the Great to Augustine of Hippo, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998.

Noth, Albrecht The Early Arabic Historical Tradition: A Source Critical Study, 2nd edn with L. I. Conrad, Princeton: Darwin Press, 1994.

Nyiri, J. C.: Tradition and Individuality, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1992.

Patton, Laurie L., ed. Authority, Anxiety and Canon: Essays in the Vedic Interpretation. New York: SUNY 1994.

Pearl, David A Text Book on Muslim Law, London: Croom Helm, 1979.

Pellat, Charles (ed.) The Life and Works of al–Jahiz, London: Routledge, 1969.

Peters, F. E. Muhammad and the Origins of Islam, New York: SUNY, 1994.

Porter, Roy The Creation of the Modern World, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 2000.

Posner, R. Sex and Reason, Princeton: HUP, 1992.

Powers, David Studies in the Qur’an and the Hadith: The Formation of the Islamic Law of Inheritance, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1986.

Price, Daniel E. Islamic Political Culture: Democracy and Human Rights: A Comparative Study, Westport: Praeger Pub Text, 1999.

Rawls, John Political liberalism, Cambridge: CUP, 1993.

Raynaud, Ph. and Rials, Stéphane Dictionnaire de philosophie politique, Paris: PUF, 1997.

Rémond, René Religion et société en Europe, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1998.

Resweber, Jean–Paul Le pari de la transdisciplinarité: Vers l'intégration des savoirs, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000.

Reynolds, D.F. (ed.) Interpreting the Self: Autobiography in the Arabic Literary Tradition, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2001.

Riche, Pierre Les grandeurs de l'an mille, Paris: Bartillat Editions, 1999.

Ricœur, Paul La critique et la conviction, Paris: Editions Calmann–Lévy, 1995.

——La mémoire, l’histoire, l’oubli, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 2000.

Ricœur, Paul et LaCoque, André Penser la Bible, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1998.

Rippin, A. (ed.) Approaches to the History of the Interpretation of the Qur’an, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1988.
Rosen, Lawrence The Anthropology of Justice. Law as Culture in Islamic Society, Cambridge: CUP, 1989.

Rosenfeld, Michel Just Interpretations: The Law between Ethics and Politics, Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998.

Rossi, Paolo La naissance de la science moderne en Europe, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1999.

Rouland, Norbert Introduction historique au droit, Paris: PUF, 1998.

Rubin, Uri The Eye of the Beholder: The life of Muhammad as Viewed by the Early Muslims, Princeton: Darwin Press, 1995.

Sacks, Jonathan Politics of Hope, London: Jonathan Cape, 1997.

Saint–Sernin, Bertrand La raison au XXe siècle, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1995.

Sanguin, André–Louis (s.d.) Mare Nostrum: Dynamiques et mutations géopolitiques de la Méditerranée, Paris: L'Harmattan, 2000.

Savage, Elizabeth A Gateway to Hell, a Gateway to Paradise: The North African Response to the Arab Conquest, Princeton: PUP, 1997.

Schmitt, J. Cl. et Le Goff, J. Dictionnaire raisonné du Moyen–Age, Paris: Editions Fayard, 1999.

Serjeant, R. B Customary and Shari‘a Law in Arabian Society, London: Variorum Reprints, 1991.

al–Shafi’i La Risala: Les fondements du droit musulman, traduit et annoté par Lakhdar Souami, Paris: Sindbad, 1997.

Sharabi, Hisham Neopatriarchy: A Theory of Distorted Change in Arab Society, Oxford: OUP, 1988.

Shaykh al–Mufid Kitab al–irshad, (The Book of Guidance), tr. by I. K. A. Howard, London: Balagha Books/The Muhammadi Trust of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, 1981.

Shinn, Tery ‘structures épistémologiques des relations Nord–Sud’, in Les sciences hors d’Occident au XXe siècle, Colloque UNESCO, 19–23/9/1994.

Stetkevych, Jaroslav Muhammad and the Golden Bough: Reconstructing Arabian Myth, Cambridge: CUP, 1996.

Stewart, D. J., Johansen, B. and Singer A. Law and Society in Islam, Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 1996.

Stewart, Devin Islamic Legal Orthodoxy: Twelver Shi‘ite Responses to the Sunni Legal System, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1998.

Stroumsa, Sarah Free Thinkers of Medieval Islam: Ibn al–Rawandi, Abu Bakr al–Razi and their impact on Islamic Thought, Leiden: Brill, 1999.

al–Tabari The History of al–Tabari, vol. 1, tr. by F.Rosenthal, New York: SUNY, 1989; and vol. 28, tr. by J. D. McAuliffe, New York: SUNY, 1995.

Tardieu, Michel La formation des Canons scripturaires, Paris: Editions du Cerf, 1993.

Todorov, Tzvetan Le jardin imparfait, Paris: Grasset, 1998.

Touati, Houari Islam et voyage au Moyen–Age, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 2000.

Valdès, Mario (ed.) A Ricœur Reader: Reflection and Imagination, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Vansina, Jan Oral Tradition as History, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

Versteegh, C. H. M. Arabic Grammar and Qur’anic Exegesis in Early Islam, Leiden: Brill, 1993.

Veyne, Paul Comment on écrit l'histoire: essai d'épistémologie, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1970.

Wansbrough, John The Sectarian Milieu, Oxford: OUP, 1978.

Warnke, Georgia Justice and Interpretation, Boston: MIT, 1993.

Weinstein, Fred History and Theory after the Fall: An Essay on Interpretation, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1990.

Weiss, Bernard G. The Search for God’s Law: Islamic Jurisprudence in the Writings of Sayf al–din al–‘Amidi, Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 1992.

——The Spirit of Islamic Law, Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

Wheeler, Brannon M. Applying the Canon in Islam: The Authorization and Maintenance of Interpretive Reasoning in Hanafi Scholarship, New York: SUNY, 1996.

White, James Boyd Heracles' Bow: Essays on the Rhetoric and Poetics of the Law, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.

——Justice as Translation: An Essay in Cultural and Legal Criticism, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1990.

Wild, Stefan (ed.) The Qur’an as Text, Leiden: Brill, 1996.

Wilson, Robert Genealogy and History in the Biblical World, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1977.

Woodman, A. J. Rhetoric in Classical Historiography, London: Croom Helm, 1988.

Woodword, Martin Defenders of Reason in Islam, Oxford: OUP, 1997.

Yunis, ‘Ali and Mohamed, M. Medieval Islamic Pragmatics: Sunni Legal Theorists’ Models of Textual Communication, London: Curzon, 2000.

Zeghal, Malika Gardiens de l'Islam: Les oulémas d'al–Azhar dans l'Egypte contemporaine, Paris: Presses de Science Po, 1996.

Zumthor, P. La lettre et la voix: De la ‘littérature’ médiévale, Paris: Editions du Seuil, 1987.

Content Date: February 2002

The Institute of Ismaili Studies - The Unthought in Contemporary Islamic Thought
Last updated: 9/16/2010 17:10