L'Institut des Etudes Ismaili

Publication Content

Extase et Eclaircissement: La Littérature dévotionnelle ismailie de l’Asie du Sud.


Londres: I.B. Tauris en association avec l’Institut des Etudes Ismailies, 2002. pp. xxii + 183.

ISBN (Livre relié): 1 86064 758 8
ISBN (Livre de poche): 1 86864 828 2
Synthèse
 
Rappelle toi le nom du Seigneur
Et la lumière surgira en toi;
Goutte le nectar de l’amour
Et l’extase te submergera.


Traduit de Candrabhan, un ginan attribué à Pir Shams.
 
Cette publication avance en même temps un nombre d’essais par l’auteur sur les littératures dévotionnelles et ésotériques des Ismailis nizari dans le subcontinent Indien. La plupart de ces essais – certains publiés antérieurement dans des journaux ou des volumes collectifs et d’autres apparaissant ici pour la première fois – se focalisent sur les Ginans, une grande quantité d’hymnes et de poèmes composés dans une variété de langues indiennes et attribués à une série de saints prêcheurs qui ont propagé l’Islam ismaili dans le subcontinent à travers plusieurs siècles.
 
Dans son introduction du volume, l’auteur situe le développement des traditions ismailies dans l’Asie du Sud dans trois contextes culturels. Le premier est la large perspective historique de la Tariqa ismailie tel qu’elle s’est manifestée et a évolué dans différentes parties du monde musulman. Le deuxième est le cadre indo-musulman de croissance des institutions et mouvements musulmans dans le subcontinent indien. Le troisième est le contexte indien dans lequel la tradition ismailie a été en interaction avec différentes cultures et traditions locales et avec des groupes religieux indigènes tels que les Sufis, Bhaktas, Sants et Yogis.

C’est à nouveau l’arrière-plan de ces trois contextes culturels se chevauchant, que Dr Asani reproduit dans les chapitres subséquents pour explorer les aspects spécifiques des Ginans, tels que leurs histoires, thèmes, incantations et mélodies; le caractère dévotionnel des Ginans et leurs rôles dans la vie religieuse des Ismailis; le symbole de l’amour divin et du mariage spirituel dans les Ginans; et une discussion de certains des points liées aux questions de la paternité des Ginans. Il y a également un chapitre sur le développement de la tradition des git comme un genre relié mais différent des poèmes religieux entre les Ismailis.

Les deux derniers essais sont consacrés à l’étude de l’unique script khojki dans lequel les Ginans ont été consignés et qui a été jusqu’ici peu étudiés par les érudits. Issu du Sind aux alentours du 10ème/16ème siècle, le khojki a été conçu par les ismailis de l’Asie du Sud avec la seule raison de préserver leurs littératures. Dr Asani fournit la première analyse systématique du script, son système phonétique et sa traduction manuscrite.

Les essais dans ce volume sont précédés par un avant-propos utile du Professeur Annemarie Schimmel, l’autorité éminente sur le mysticisme islamique et les traditions littéraires. Elle note que le livre de Ali Asani est un trésor pour tout le monde intéressé par l’histoire et la pensée ismailies. Il offre un matériel important non seulement pour les membres de la communauté, mais aussi aux scientifiques de branches diverses qu’ils soient islamistes, indo logistes, sociologistes ou historiens de la religion. Le livre culmine avec un appendice d’une sélection de poèmes traduits, mystiques et dévotionnels.



Table des matières

Illustrations et tables des matières

Avant-propos par le Professeur Annemarie Schimmel
 
Remerciements
 
Note de la rédaction
 

Introduction: La tradition nizari en Asie du Sud

 
Les Ginans en tant que Littérature Dévotionnel: Leurs origines, caractéristiques et thèmes

Symboles nuptiaux dans les Ginans
La tradition du Git: Un témoignage d’Amour

Réflexions sur l’autorité et paternité des Ginans
Le Script Khojki: Un Legs de l’Islam ismaili dans le subcontinent

Le Script Khojki et sa tradition manuscrite



Bibliographie

Ahmad, Aziz. Studies in Islamic Culture in the Indian Environment. Delhi, 1964.

——An Intellectual History of Islam in India. Edinburgh, 1969.

Ahmed, Imtiaz. “The Islamic Tradition in India,” in Islam and the Modern Age, 12, no. 1 (1981), pp. 44–62.

Ahmed, Rafiuddin. The Bengal Muslims 1871–1906: A Quest for Identity. Delhi, 1981.

Ali, Syed Mujtaba. The Origin of the Khojas and their Religious Life Today. Bonn, 1981.

Allana, G. A. Ginans of the Ismaili Pirs. Vol. 1. Karachi, 1984.

Allana, G. Sindhi Suratkhati. Hyderabad, 1964.

Asani, Ali. The Isma‘ili Ginan Literature: Its Structure and Love Symbolism. BA thesis, Harvard University, 1977.

——“Ginan” in Mircea Eliade, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion. New York, 1987.

——“The Khojas of Indo–Pakistan: The Quest for an Islamic Identity,” Journal of the Institute of Muslim Minority Affairs, 8, no. 1 (1987), pp. 31–41.

——“The Khojki Script: A Legacy of Ismaili Islam in the Indo–Pakistan Subcontinent,” Journal of the American Oriental Society, 107 (1987), pp. 439–49.

——“Sufi Poetry in the Folk Traidition of Indo–Pakistan,” Religion and Literature, 20 (1988), pp. 81–95.

——The Harvard Collection of Ismaili Literature in Indic Languages: A Finding Aid and Descriptive Catalogue. Boston, 1992.

——“The Ismaili Ginans as Devotional Literature” in R. S. McGregor, ed., Devotional Literature in South Asia: Current Research, 1985–88. Cambridge, 1991, pp. 101–12.

——“The Ginan Literature of the Ismailis of Indo–Pakistan: Its Origins, Characteristics and Themes,” in D. Eck and F. Mallison, ed., Devotion Divine: Bhakti Traditions from the Religions of India. Gröningen–Paris, 1991, pp. 1–18.

——The Bujh Niranjan: An Ismaili Mystical Poem. Cambridge, MA, 1991.

——“Bridal Symbolism in Ismaili Mystical Literature of Indo–Pakistan,” in Robert Herrera, ed., Mystics of the Book: Themes, Topics and Typologies. New York, 1993, pp. 389–404.

——“Folk Romance in Sufi Poetry from Sind,” in A. Dallapiccola and S. Lallemant, ed., Islam and the Indian Regions. Stuttgart, 1993. Vol. 1, pp. 229–37.

——“A Testimony of Love: The Git Tradition of the Nizari Ismailis,” in A. Giese and J. C. Bürgel, ed., God is Beautiful and He Loves Beauty (Festschrift in Honour of Annemarie Schimmel). Bern, etc., 1994, pp. 39–51.

——“The Bridegroom Prophet in Medieval Sindhi Poetry,” in A. Entwistle and F. Mallison, ed., Studies in South Asian Devotional Literature: Research Papers 1989–91. Delhi and Paris, 1994, pp. 213–25.

——and Kamal Abdel–Malik. Celebrating Muhammad: Images of the Prophet in Popular Muslim Poetry. Columbia, SC, 1995.

——“The Ismaili ginans: Reflections on Authority and Authorship,” in Farhad Daftary, ed., Mediaeval Isma‘ ili History and Thought. Cambridge, 1996, pp. 265–80.

——“The Khojas of South Asia: Defining a Space of Their Own,” Cultural Dynamics, 13 (2001), pp. 155–68.

——“Muslims in South Asia: Defining Community and the ‘Other’,” Bulletin of the Royal Institute of Inter–Faith Studies, 2 (2001), pp. 103–13.

Austin, R. J. W., “The Sophianic Feminine Tradition in the Works of Ibn ‘Arabi,” in Leonard Lewisohn, ed., The Heritage of Sufism. Oxford, 1999, vol. 2 pp. 233–45.

Baloch, Nabi Bakhsh Khan. Sindhi Boli ji mukhtasar tarikh. Hyderabad, 1962.

——Education in Sind Before the British Conquest and the Educational Policies of the British Government. Hyderabad, 1971.

Bausani, Alessandro, “About a Curious Mystical Language,” East and West, 4 (1954), pp. 234–8.

al–Biruni, Abu Rayhan. Kitab al–Hind. English tr., E. C. Sachau, Alberuni’s India, ed., A. T. Embree. New York, 1971.

Brass, Paul. “Ethnic Groups, Symbol Manipulation and Ethnic Identity among Muslims of South Asia,” in D. Taylor and M. Yapp, ed., Political Identity in South Asia. London, Dublin, 1979, pp. 35–77.

Burton, R. Sindh and the Races that Inhabit the Valley of the Indus. Repr. ed., Karachi, 1973.

Cole, W. Owen and P. S. Sambhi. The Sikhs: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices. London and Boston, 1978.

Corbin, Henry. “Le Temps cyclique dans le Mazdéisme et dans l’Ismaélisme,” Eranos–Jarhrbuch, 20 (1951), pp. 149–217. English tr., “Cyclical Time in Mazdaism and Ismailism,” in Corbin, Cyclical Time and Ismaili Gnosis, pp. 1–58.

——“Epiphanie Divine et naissance spirituelle dans la gnose Ismaélienne,” Eranos–Jarhrbuch, 23 (1954), pp. 141–249. English tr., “Divine Epiphany and Spiritual Birth in Ismailian Gnosis,” in Corbin, Cyclical Time and Ismaili Gnosis. London, 1983. pp. 59–150.

——“De la gnose antique à la gnose Ismaélienne,” in Oriente ed Occidente nel Medio Evo. Rome, 1957, pp. 105–43 . English tr., “From the Gnosis of Antiquity to Ismaili Gnosis,” in Corbin, Cyclical Time and Ismaili Gnosis. London, 1983. pp. 151–93.

——“Herméneutique spirituelle comparée,” Eranos–Jarhrbuch, 33 (1964), pp. 71–176.

——Histoire de la philosophie Islamique. Paris, 1964. English tr. Philip Sherrard, History of Islamic Philosophy. London, 1993.

——Cyclical Time and Ismaili Gnosis. tr. R. Mannheim and J. W. Morris. London, 1983.

Daftary, Farhad. The Isma‘ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge, 1990.

——A Short History of the Ismailis. Edinburgh, 1998.

Diringer, D. The Alphabet, Key to the History of Mankind. 3rd ed., New York, 1968.

Eaton, Richard. “Sufi Folk Literature and the Expansion of Islam,” History of Religions, 14 (1974–5), pp. 115–27.

——Sufis of Bijapur, 1300–1700. Princeton, NJ, 1978.

——The Rise of Islam and the Bengal Frontier, 1204–1760. Berkeley and London, 1993.

Eliade, Mircea. The Two and the One. New York, 1965.

Encyclopedia of Religion. ed. Mircea Eliade. New York, 1987.

Encyclopedia of Islam. ed. H. A. R. Gibb et. al. New ed., Leiden and London, 1960–.

Enthoven, Reginald E. Tribes and Castes of Bombay. Bombay, 1922.

Ernst, Carl. Eternal Garden: Mysticism, History and Politics at a South Asian Sufi Centre. Albany, NY, 1992.

Esmail, Aziz. “Satpanth Ismailism and Modern Changes Within it With Special Reference to East Africa.” PhD thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1971.

——and Azim Nanji. “The Isma‘ilis in History,” in S. H. Nasr, ed., Isma‘ili Contributions to Islamic Culture. Tehran, 1977, pp. 225–65.

Friedmann, Yohannan. “Islamic Thought in Relation to the Indian Context,” Purusartha, 9 (1986), pp. 79–91.

Fyzee, Asaf A. A. Cases in the Muhammadan Law of India and Pakistan. Oxford, 1965.

Gandhi, S. S. History of the Sikh Gurus. New Delhi, 1978.

Goldziher, Ignaz. “Linguistisches aus der Literatur de muhammadanischen Mystik,” Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 26 (1872), pp. 764–85.

Graham, William A. Beyond the Written Word: Oral Aspects of Scripture in the History of Religion. Cambridge and New York, 1987.

——“Scripture,” in Mircea Eliade, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion. New York, 1987.

Grierson, G. Linguistic Survey of India. 11 vols. Calcutta, 1903–28.

——“On the Modern Indo–Aryan Alphabets of North–Western India,” Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1904), pp. 67–73.

Grunebaum, Gustav E. von, ed. Unity and Variety in Muslim Civilization. Chicago, 1955.

Gupte, B. A. “The Modi Character,” Indian Antiquity, 34 (1905), pp. 27–30.

al–Hamadani, Abbas H. The Beginnings of the Isma‘ili Da‘ wa in Northern India. Cairo, 1956.

al–Haqq, ‘Abd. Urdu ki ibtida’i nashwo numa men sufiya’ –i kiram ka kam. Aligarh, 1968.

Hardy, Peter. “Modern European and Muslim Explanations of Conversion to Islam in South Asia: A Preliminary Survey of the Literature,” in Nehemia Levitzion, ed., Conversion to Islam. New York and London, 1979, pp. 68–99.

Hawley, J. “Images of Gender in the Poetry of Krishna,” in Caroline Bynum et al., ed., Gender and Religion: On the Complexity of Symbols. Boston, 1986.

——“Author and Authority in the Bhakti Poetry of North India,” Journal of Asian Studies, 47 (1988), pp. 269–90.

——and M. Juergensmeyer. Songs of the Saints of India. Oxford, 1988.

Hodgson, Marshal G. S. The Order of Assassins. The Hague, 1955.

Ibn al–Nadim, Muhammad. al–Fihrist. Cairo 1348/1929.

Ivanow, Wladimir. “The Sect of Imam Shah in Gujrat,” Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, New Series, 12 (1936), pp. 19–70.

——“Khodja,” Shorter Encyclopaedia of Islam, pp. 256–7.

——“Tombs of Some Persian Ismaili Imams,” Journal of the Bombay Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. New Series, 14 (1938), pp. 49–62.

——“Satpanth (Indian Ismailism),” in W. Ivanow, ed., Collectanea, vol. 1. Leiden, 1948, pp. 1–54.

——“Shums Tabriz of Multan” in S. M. Abdallah, ed., Professor Muhammad Shafi Presentation Volume. Lahore, 1955, pp. 109–18.

——“Sufism and Ismailism: The Chiragh–Nama,” Revue Iranienne d'Anthropologie, 3 (1959), English, pp. 13–17; Persian, pp. 53–70.

——Ismaili Literature. A Bibliographical Survey. Tehran, 1963.

Kassam, Tazim R. “Syncretism on the Model of Figure–Ground: A Study of Pir Shams’ Brahma Prakasa,” in Katherine K. Young, ed., Hermeneutical Paths to the Sacred Worlds of India. Atlanta, 1994, pp. 231–41.

——Songs of Wisdom and Circles of Dance: Hymns of the Satpanth Isma‘ili Muslim Saint, Pir Shams. Albany, NY, 1995.

Kellogg, S. H. A Grammar of the Hindi Language. 3rd ed., London, 1938.

Khakee, G. “The Dasa Avatara of the Satpanthi Ismailis and Imam Shahis of Indo–Pakistan.” PhD thesis, Harvard University, 1972.

Khan, Dominique–Sila. Conversions and Shifting Identities: Ramdev Pir and the Ismailis in Rajasthan. New Delhi, 1997.

Khan, F. A. Banbhore. Karachi, 1976.

Krishna, Lajwanti Rama. Panjabi Sufi Poets AD 1460–1900. Repr. ed., Karachi, 1977.

Kahn, Mohammad, Ishaq. Kashmir’s Transition to Islam: The Role of Muslim Rishis, 15th–18th Century. New Delhi, 1994.

Lord, Albert. Singer of Tales. Cambridge, MA, 1968.

Maclean, Derryl. Religion and Society in Arab Sind. Leiden, 1989.

Madelung, Wilferd. “Isma‘iliyya,” EI2, vo.. 4, pp. 198–206.

——“Khodja,”, EI2, vol. 5, pp. 25–7.

Mahesh, M. S. The Historical Development of Mediaeval Hindi Prosody. Bhagalpur, 1964.

Meeks, Wayne A. “The Image of the Androgyne: Some Uses of a Symbol in Early Christianity,” History of Religions 13, no. 3 (1974), pp. 165–208.

Menant, D. “Les Khodjas du Guzarate,” Revue du Monde Musulman, 10 (1910), pp. 214–32; 406–24.

Mohamed, al–Waiz Sultanali. Wonderful Tradition: Transliteration of Holy Ginans. Kenya, 1966.

Moir (Noorally), Zawahir. Catalogue of Khojki Manuscripts in the Collection of the Institute of Ismaili Studies. Unpublished ms., London, n.d.

Nanji, Azim. The Nizari Isma‘ili Tradition in the Indo–Pakistan Subcontinent. Delmar, NY, 1978.

——“Isma‘ilism,” in S. H. Nasr, ed., Islamic Spirituality: Foundations. New York, 1987, pp. 179–98, 432–3.

——“Shari‘at and Haqiqat: Continuity and Synthesis in the Nizari Isma‘ili Muslim Tradition,” in K. P. Ewing, ed., Shari‘at and Ambiguity in South Asian Islam. Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1988, pp. 63–76.

Nanjiani, S. Khoja Vrttant. Ahmadabad, 1892.

Noorally, Zawahir. “Ginans: Our Wonderful Tradition,” mimeographed paper. Vancouver, n.d.

——Catalogue of Khojki Manuscripts in the Collection of the Ismailia Association for Pakistan. Unpublished ms., Karachi, 1971.

Orr, W. G. A Sixteenth Century Indian Mystic. London, 1947.

Pandiyat–i javanmardi or “Advices of Manliness”. Ed. and trans. by W. Ivanow. Leiden, 1953.

Pollock, Sheldon. “India in the Vernacular Millenium: Literary Culture and Polity, 1000–1500,” paper presented at the Center for International Affairs South Asia Seminar, Harvard University, 1997.

Poonawala, Ismaili K. Biobibliography of Isma‘ili Literature. Malibu, CA, 1977.

Prinsep, J. “Note on A Grammar of the Sindhi Langugage dedicated to the Rt Honourable Sir Robert Grant, Governor of Bombay by W. H. Whalen Esq.,” Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 6 (1837), pp. 347–54.

Qureshi, Ishtiaq H. The Muslim Community of the Indo–Pakistan Subcontinent (610–1947). Karachi, 1977.

Qureshi, Regula. Sufi Music of India and Pakistan. Sound Context and Meaning in Qawwali. Cambridge, 1986.

Ramanujan, A. K. “Three Hundred Ramayanas: Five Examples of Three Thoughts on Translation,” in Paula Richman, ed., Many Ramayanas: The Diversity of a Narrative Tradition in South Asia. Delhi, 1994, pp. 22–49.

Rinehart, Robin. “The Portable Bullhe Shah: Biography, Authorship, and Categorization in the Study of Punjabi Sufi Poetry,” paper presented at the Seventh International Conference on Early Literature in New Indo–Aryan Languages, Venice, 1997.

Roy, Asim. “The Pir Tradition: A Case Study in Islamic Syncretism in Traditional Bengal,” in Fred Clothey, ed., Images of Man: Religion and the Historical Process in South Asia. Madras, 1982, pp. 112–41.

——The Islamic Syncretistic Tradition in Bengal. Princeton, NJ, 1983.

Sachedina, Abdulaziz. “Khojas,” in John L. Esposito, ed., Oxford Shorter Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. Oxford, 1995, vol. 2, pp. 423–27.

Sadik Ali, Mumtaz Ali Tajddin. “Sayyida Bibi Imam Begum,” Hidayat (July 1989), pp. 16–21.

Schimmel, Annemarie. “The Influence of Sufism on Indo–Muslim Poetry,” in Joseph P. Strelka, ed., Anagogic Qualities of Literature. University Park, PA, 1971, pp. 181–210.

——“Sindhi Literature,” in J. Gonda, ed., A History of Indian Literature. Wiesbaden, 1974.

——Mystical Dimensions of Islam. Chapel Hill, NC, 1975.

——Pain and Grace: A Study of Two Mystical Writers of Eighteenth Century Muslim India. Leiden, 1976.

——The Triumphal Sun: A Study of Works on Jalaloddin Rumi. Rev. ed., London, 1980

——“Reflections on Popular Muslim Poetry,” Contributions to Asian Studies 17 (1982), pp. 17–26.

——As Through a Veil: Mystical Poetry in Islam. New York, 1982.

——And Muhammad is His Messenger. Chapel Hill, NC, 1985.

——My Soul is a Woman: the Feminine in Islam. New York, 1997.

Shackle, Christopher. From Wuch to Southern Lahnda, A Century of Siraiki Studies in English. Multan, 1984.

——and Zawahir Moir. Ismaili Hymns from South Asia: An Introduction to the Ginans. London, 1992.

Shorter Encyclopedia of Islam. ed. H. A. R. Gibb and J. H. Kramers. Leiden, 1953.

Slochower, Harry. Mythopoesis. Detroit, 1970.

Smith, Wilfred C. “The Crystallization of Religious Communities in Mughul India,” in M. Minovi and I. Afshar, ed., Yad–Name–ye Irani–ye Minorsky. Tehran, 1969, pp. 1–24.

Stack, G. A Grammar of the Sindhi Language. Bombay, 1849.

Stern, S. M. “Isma‘ili Propoganda and Fatimid Rule in Sind,” Islamic Culture, 23 (1949), pp. 298–307, reprinted in S. M. Stern, Studies in Early Isma‘ilism. Jerusalem and Leiden, 1983, pp. 177–88.

Trumpp, E. Grammar of the Sindhi Language. Leipzig, 1872.

Underhill, Evelyn. Mysticism. A Study in the Nature and Development of Man's Spiritual Consciousness. 12th ed., New York, 1961.

Vaudeville, Charlotte. Kabir. Vol. 1. Oxford, 1974.

——“Kabir and the Interior Religion,” History of Religions, 3 (1964), pp. 191–201.

——“Sant Mat: Santism as the Universal Path to Sanctity,” in Karine Schomer and W. H. McLeod, ed., The Sants: Studies in the Devotional Tradition of India. Berkeley and Delhi, 1987, pp. 21–40.

Velji, D. 72 Ginans. Part I: Transliteration of Holy Ginans. Nairobi, 1972.

Walliullah, Shah. Tafhimat al–ilahiyya, ed. Ghulam Mustafa al–Qasimi. 2 vols. Hyderabad, Sind, 1967–70.

Walker, Paul E. “Abu Ya‘qub al–Sijistani and the Development of Ismaili Neoplatonism.” PhD thesis, University of Chicago, 1974.

——Early Philosophical Shiism: The Ismaili Neoplatonism of Abu Ya‘qub al–Sijistani. Cambridge, 1993.

——Abu Ya‘qub al–Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary. London, 1996.

Content Date: Janvier 2002

The Institute of Ismaili Studies - Extase et Eclaircissement: La Littérature dévotionnelle ismailie de l’Asie du Sud.
Last updated: 12/2/2005 15:01