La dernière Publication de l’Institut des Etudes passe en revue l’Histoire Fatimide et ses Sources

7 octobre 2003

Surviving the Mongols: Nizari Quhistani and the Continuity of Ismaili Tradition in Persia, by Nadia Eboo Jamal is the eighth monograph in the Institute’s Ismaili Heritage Series. In this work, the author examines, through the writings of the Ismaili poet and da‘iinfo-icon Nizari Quhistani, how the Nizari Ismaili community of Persia succeeded in retaining its religious identity and communal structures after the Mongol invasions.

During the 13th century, the Persian-speaking lands, extending from Central Asia to Iraq, were devastated by a series of Mongol invasions. Their movement from the inner steppes of Asia resulted in the massacre and displacement of many communities, including the Ismaili Muslims of the region. The fall of the chief Ismaili fortress of Alamutinfo-icon in 1256, followed by the destruction of some two hundred other strongholds, brought to an end the territorial independence of the Ismailis in Persia. Contrary to the belief that the community was virtually eliminated, Ismailis in Persia survived the Mongol onslaught, together with the basic infrastructure of their religious organisation, the da‘wainfo-icon.

After providing an overview of the development of the Ismaili da‘wa in the historical context, the author explores how this organisation enabled the Persian Ismailis to maintain their religious identity and the cohesion of their community in difficult times. Basing her analysis principally on the works of the poet and da‘I, Nizari Quhistani (d. 1320), and in particular his Safarnama, Nadia Eboo Jamal demonstrates the continuity of the Ismaili tradition in Persia through the era of Mongol rule.