Mohamad Tavakoli-Targhi is Professor of History and Near & Middle Eastern Civilizations at the University of Toronto. Since 2002 he has served as Editor-in-Chief of Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. With Homa Katouzian, he is also coeditor of Iranian Studies. Tavakoli is the author of Refashioning Iran: Orientalism, Occidentalism and Nationalist Historiography (2001) and Tajaddud-i Bumi [Vernacular Modernity] (2003); he has authored numerous journal articles and chapters.

Born and raised in Tehran, Tavakoli is the recipient of numerous awards. He was an Iran Heritage Foundation Fellow at the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford (2005), a recipient of the prestigious Iranian Fellowship, St. Anthony's College, University of Oxford (1998), and Outstanding University Teacher, Illinois State University (2000-2001). He was a Visiting Scholar at the Center for Historical Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi (1992-93).

He is currently working on a visual account of modern Iran, and completing a monograph tentatively titled, All that was Holy in Iran.