• This volume contributes to the broad theme of Islamic Thought. Most of the articles deal with theology, philosophy or mysticism – or the interaction of all three. There are also a few studies of purely historical or historiographical interest. Contemporary tastes are disinclined to see historical problems in the light — or the shade — of theological and spiritual concerns. But, history was hardly seen by the great representatives of the intellectual tradition treated here — beginning with the Qur’aninfo-icon itself — to be beyond the pale of religious or theological import and contemplation. Rather, in this tradition, what is thought of as ‘history’ had always been deemed of religio-philosophical concern.

    The collection is divided chronologically into four sections: Classical, Medieval, Pre-Modern and Modern Islam, and its themes in these different sections are a reflection of Professor Landolt’s academic concerns and the influence that he has had both through his publications and his teaching on Islamic studies.

    In the classical period, this volume includes studies of themes or topics of significance for an understanding of the conception, birth and early development of Islamic discourse. Thus there are articles on the possible confluence of Manichaean and Islamic belief; a study of a charming episode in the life of the Prophet and his beloved wife, ‘A’isha; a penetrating study of taqiyyainfo-icon; an innovative examination of walayainfo-icon in the thought of Junayd; a suggestive survey of “proto-religious studies” in classical Islamic philosophy; a treatment of an Ismaili commentary on a celebrated poem by Avicenna; and a reading of the philosophical exegesis of the celebrated Light Verse from the Qur’an.

    In the second part of the volume, scholars treat problems arising in the intellectual history of “medieval Islam” in the works of such seminal thinkers as Abu Hamid al-Ghazali, his brother Ahmad al-Ghazali, and Suhrawardi al-Maqtul; the broad theme of spiritual ascent (mi‘rajinfo-icon) in the writings of important mystics from Qushayri to Ibn ‘Arabi; contributions to Islamic thought by Shahrastani, Afdal al-Dininfo-icon Kashani, and Najm al-din Kubra; a comparison of Avicenna and Meister Eckhart; the epistemic value of the appearance of the Prophet in dreams; the spiritual journey in Kubrawi Sufisminfo-icon and a study of the role of Ibn ‘Arabi’s thought on the important Egyptian religious thinker, al-Sha‘rani.

    In the section designated “pre-Modern Islam” there is an illuminating study of the crucial terra incognito of Ismaili history and the emergence out of such obscurity of Shah Tahir; a probing meditation on the mystical interpretation of Paradise by Sirhindi; the rise of the Naqshbandi through the eyes of “renewers of Islam” in Central Asia; a valuable discussion of Mullainfo-icon Sadra’s Shi‘isminfo-icon through a study of his devotional poem on Imaminfo-icon ‘Ali; and an analysis of walaya in the work of Fayd al-Kashani.

    In the final section of the book, we are treated to a survey of the role of Pharaoh in Islamic theology, from the beginning to the early 19th century; an examination of the enduring role of Junayd’s spiritual discipline in modern Sufism; a learned essay on the Ismaili ginaninfo-icon tradition; a fresh critical assessment of the 19th century scholarly attitude towards “worldly government”; and a remarkably concise characterization of the role of Irfaninfo-icon in the context of contemporary philosophy. This section and the volume closes with a meditation, through a rigorous historiographical approach, on the very rich question of the relationship between Modernization and Westernization.

    The title of the volume sets the broad parameters for the book. Reason and Inspiration may of course be seen as antonyms or opposites. But as the title for this collection, this would be an error. Rather, these studies as a whole make it clear that such apparently faithful and reliable categories are really quite porous and malleable. The two modes frequently combine and cooperate in surprising ways. What is seen as the logic and reasoning process of one thinker or period becomes “poetic syllogism” and inspiration of another. The “logic of the birds” rules certain realms, while the passion of the logician comes to the fore elsewhere. Another Muslim notion, that of walaya – a mode, theme, and topic frequently present in Prof. Landolt’s distinctive scholarship and teaching, is frequently treated throughout.

    These thirty-eight essays represent a significant contribution to contemporary knowledge of Islamic Thought. They are published in honour of Hermann Landolt, Professor Emeritus of Islamic Thought, McGill University. The selection process had less to do with conforming to some strict, and therefore exclusive, thematic guideline than with taking account of just who had worked under or with Prof. Landolt and those scholars whom he particularly esteems. Contributors were asked to conform to one stricture: their contribution should be made with a view as to how, in their own minds, they might best pay tribute to Prof. Landolt, hoping thus that the finished volume might reflect the rigorous openness of his own scholarly style and preoccupations. Thus, we have a cornucopia, rather than a thematic volume as such. Even so, most of the articles are concerned with philosophers and philosophical problems bearing the imprint of Shi‘i Islam – Ismaili as well as Ithna‘Ashari – and many are concerned with Sufism. The articles are arranged in chronological order, originally divided into four major periods according to the imprecise and sometimes misleading designations: Classical, Medieval, Pre-Modern and Modern.

    The names of the scholars who so generously contributed to this tribute volume are well known to the growing world of Islamic Studies. They include, in alphabetical order: Alexandrin, Alvi, Amirinfo-icon-Moezzi, Anwar, Chittick, Chodkiewicz, Clarke, Crow, Daftary, DeWeese, Fragner, Hajjaji-Jarrah, Heath, Hunzai, Kamada, Karamustafa, Kazemi-Moussavi, Lawson, Lewisohn, Little, Lory, Madelung, Marcotte, McGregor, Mohaghegh, Morris, Nomoto, Ormsby, Pironet, Pourjavady, Radtke, Shah, Steigerwald, Walbridge, Walker, Vakily and Virani.

  • Acknowledgements


    Note on the Transliteration and Abbreviations


    List of Contributors

    1 Introduction

    Todd Lawson

    2 Bibliography of the Works of Hermann Landolt

    Todd Lawson

    PART 1: Classical Islam

    3 The ‘Five Limbs’ of the Soul: A Manichaean Motif in Muslim Garb?

    Karim Douglas Crow

    4 Narrative Themes and Devices in al-Waqidi’s Kitab al-maghazi

    Donald P. Little

    5 The Rise and Decline of Taqiyyainfo-icon in Twelver Shi‘isminfo-icon

    Lynda Clarke

    6 Walayainfo-icon according to al-Junayd (d. 298/910)

    Ahmet T. Karamustafa

    7 L’importance du Traité de l’harmonie de al-Farabi: ses visées politiques

    Fabienne Pironet

    8 Philosophy of Religion in al-Farabi, Ibn Sina and Ibn Tufayl

    Paul E. Walker

     9 Revisiting Religious Shi‘ism and Early Sufisminfo-icon: The Fourth/Tenth-

    Century Dialogue of ‘The Sage and the Young Disciple’

    James Winston Morris

    10 Al-Qadiinfo-icon al-Nu‘man and the Concept of Batininfo-icon

    Bulbul Shah

    11 The Concept of Knowledge according to al-Kirmani (d. after 411/1021)

    Faquir Muhammad Hunzai

    12 An early Ismaili view of other religions: A chapter from the Kitab al-

    Islah by Abu Hatim al-Razi (d. ca. 322/934–935)

    Shin Nomoto

    13 An Ismaili interpretation of Ibn Sina’s Qasidat al-Nafsinfo-icon

    Wilferd Madelung


    14 Ayat al-Nurinfo-icon: A Metaphor for Where We Come From, What

    We Are and Where We Are Going

    Soraya Mahdiinfo-icon Hajjaji-Jarrah


    PART 2: Medieval Islam

    15 Reading al-Ghazali: The case of Psychology

    Peter Heath

    16 Stories of Ahmad al-Ghazali ‘Playing the Witness’ in Tabriz

    (Shams-i Tabrizi’s interest in shahid-bazi)

    Nasrollah Pourjavady

    17 Reason (‘aqlinfo-icon) and Direct Intuition (mushahada) in the works of Shihab

    al-Dininfo-icon al-Suhrawardi (d. 587/1191)

    Roxanne Marcotte

    18 Al-Suhrawardi on Body as Extension: An Alternative to Hylomorphism

    from Plato to Leibniz

    John Walbridge

    19 Mi‘rajinfo-icon al-kalimainfo-icon: de la Risala Qushayriyya aux Futuhat Makkiyya

    Michel Chodkiewicz

    20 Al-Shahrastani’s contribution to Medieval Islamic Thought

    Diana Steigerwald

    21 The Pertinence of Islamic Cosmology: Reflections on the Philosophy of

    Afdal al-Din Kashani

    William C. Chittick

    22 The Sciences of Intuition and the Riches of Inspiration: Najm al-Din

    Kubra in Jami’s Nafahat al-uns Elizabeth Ross Alexandrin

    23 Two Narratives on Najm al-Din Kubra and Radi al-Din ‘Ali Lala from a Thirteenth-Century Source: Notes on a Manuscript in the Raza Library, Rampur

    Devin DeWeese

    24 Ibn Sina and Meister Eckhart on Being

    Etin Anwar

    25 La Vision de Dieu dans l’Onirocritique Musulmane Médiévale

    Pierre Lory

     26 The Spiritual Journey in Kubrawi Sufism

    Leonard Lewisohn

    27 Notes on the Transmission of Mystical Philosophy: Ibn ‘Arabi

    according to ‘Abd al-Wahhab al-Sha‘rani

    Richard J. A. McGregor

    PART 3: Pre-Modern Islam

    28 Shah Tahir and Nizari Ismaili Disguises

    Farhad Daftary

    29 Some Notes on Shaykhinfo-icon Ahmad Sirhindi and the Problem of the

    Mystical Significance of Paradise

    Abdollah Vakily

    30 The Naqshbandi Mujaddidi Sufi Order’s ascendancy in Central Asia

    through the eyes of its Masters and Disciples (1100s–1200s/1600s–1800s)

    Sajida S. Alvi

    31 ‘Le combatant du ta'wil’. Un poème de Molla Iadra sur ‘Ali (Aspects de

    l’imamologie duodécimane IX)

    Mohammad Ali Amirinfo-icon-Moezzi

    32 Fayd al-Kashani’s Walaya: The Confluence of Shi‘i Imamology and


    Shigeru Kamada

    PART 4: Modern Islam

    33 The Faith of Pharaoh: A Disputed Question in Islamic Theology

    Eric Ormsby

    34 The Eight Rules of Junayd: A General Overview of the Genesis and

    Development of Islamic Dervish Orders

    Bernd Radtke

    35 Symphony of Gnosis: A Self-Definition of the Ismaili Ginaninfo-icon Tradition

    Shafique N. Virani

    36 The attitude of the ‘Ulamainfo-icon> towards the Government in Nineteenth-

    Century Iran

    Ahmad Kazemi Moussavi

    37 Traditional Philosophy in Iran with Reference to Modern Trends

    Mehdi Mohaghegh

    38 Traces of Modernisation and Westernisation? Some comparative

    considerations concerning Late Bukharan Chronicles

    Bert G. Fragner

  • 1958

    Mazahery, Aly, So lebten die Muselmanen im Mittelalter, Stuttgart, 1957 (Literaturblatt der Basler Nachrichten, 111/11, 14 March 1958)



    ‘Kulturelle Beziehungen’, Sonntagsblatt der Basler Nachrichten, 54. Jahrgang Nr. 29-Beilage zu Nr.310 (24 July 1960) [review-article of forum on a ‘dialogue islamochretien sur le plan theologoque’ with contributions by H. Laoust, H. Corbin, O. Yahya, et al., in Monde non chrétien, 51-51 (1960), pp.79-151].



    ‘Henry Corbin: Mir Damad und die Ispahaner Schule der Theologie im 17. Jahrhundert’, Antaios, 3, 6 (1962), pp. 497-521 [German translation of ‘Mir Damad et l’ecole theologique d’Ispahan au XVIIe siecle’ published in Etudes carmélitaines: Polarité du symbole, 1960].


    ‘Henry Corbin: Uber die philosophische Situation der Shi‘itischen Religion,’ Antaious 5, 2 (1963), pp.177-200 [German translation of 'De la situation philosophique du shi‘isme’ published in Monde non chretién, 70 (1964), pp. 61-85].

    ‘Henry Corbin: Uber die prophetische Philosophie im shi‘itischen Islam’, EJ, 31 (1963), pp. 453-457 [German summary of ‘De la philosophie prophetique en Islam shi‘iteinfo-icon’ in the same Eranos volume, pp. 49-116].


    ‘L’Epitre sur le soufisme de Nuroddin ‘Abdorrahman-e Esfarayeni intitulée Kashif al-Asrar’, in Annuaire de l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Section des Sciences Religieuses, 72 (1964–1965), pp. 150–155.


    ‘Gedanken zum islamischen Gebetsteppich. Eine vorlaufige Skizze’, in C. A. Schmitz, ed., Festschrift Alfred Buhler, Basler Beitrage zur Geographie und Ethnologie, Ethnologische Reihe, 2 (Basel, 1965), pp. 243–256.


    Editor with Mehdi Mohaghegh, Collected Papers on Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Wisdom of Persia Series, IV (Tehran, 1971).

    ‘Simnani on Wahdat al-Wujudinfo-icon’, in M. Mohaghegh and H. Landolt, ed., Collected Papers on Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism. Wisdom of Persia Series, IV (Tehran, 1971), pp. 91–112.


    Editor of Correspondance spirituelle échangée entre Nuroddin Esfarayeni (ob. 717/1317) et son disciple ‘Ala’oddawleh Semnani (ob. 736/1336), Texte persan publié avec une introduction. Bibliothèque Iranienne, XXI (Tehran and Paris, 1972).

    ‘Mystique iranienne: Suhrawardi Shaykhinfo-icon al-Ishraq (549/1155–587/1191) et ‘Ayn al-Qudat-i Hamadani (429/1098–525/1131)’, in C. J. Adams, ed., Iranian Civilization and Culture. Essays in Honour of the 2500th Anniversary of the Founding of the Persian Empire (Montreal, 1972), pp. 23–37.


    ‘Der Briefwechsel zwischen Kasani und Simnani uber Wahdat al-Wujud’, Der Islam, 50 (1973), pp. 29–81. 

    ‘Introduction’, in M. R. Shafi‘iinfo-icon-Kadkani, ed., Marmuzat-i Asadi dar Mazmurat-i Dawudi. Wisdom of Persia Series, VI (Tehran, 1974), pp. 1–30.



    Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, Sufi Essays, Albany, 1973 (Der Islam, 52, 1975, pp. 152–153).


     (with Annette Landolt-Tuller), ‘Qalamkar-Druck in Isfahan’, in Beitrage zur Kenntnis traditioneller Textilfarbetechniken in Persien, Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 87/88 (1976/1977), pp. 47–80.


    ‘Deux opuscules de Semnani sur le moi théophanique’, in S. H. Nasr, ed., Mélanges offerts à Henry Corbin. Wisdom of Persia Series, IX (Tehran, 1977), pp. 279–319.

    ‘Khalwa’, EI2. 1977

    ‘Sakralraum und mystischer Raum in Islam’, EJ, 44 (1977), pp. 231–265.

    ‘Two Types of Mystical Thought in Muslim Iran: An Essay’, (English translation of ‘Mystique iranienne’), MW, 68, 3 (1977), pp. 187–204.


    Editor of Nuruddin ‘Abdurrahman-i Isfarayini (1242–1317), Kashif al-Asrar, Texte persan publié avec deux annexes, une traduction et une introduction. Wisdom of Persia Series, V (Tehran, 1980).

    ‘Two Types of Mystical Thought in Muslim Iran: An Essay’, (English translation of ‘Mystique iranienne’), MW, 70 (1980), pp. 83–84.


    ‘Stufen der Gotteserkenntnis und das Lob der Torheit bei Najm-e Razi (ob. 654/1256)’, EJ, 46 (1981), pp. 175–204 [see below revised English translation, ‘Stages of God-cognition...’ in SUFI, Autumn 2000].



    Akhavi, Shahrough, Religion and Politics in Contemporary Iran: Clergy-State Relations in the Pahlavi Period, Albany, NY, 1980 (JAAR, March, 1982, pp. 120–121).

    Corbin, Henry, The Man of Light in Iranian Sufisminfo-icon, Translated from the French by Nancy Pearson, Boulder, CO, and London, 1978 (JAOS, 102, 1982, pp. 213–214) [This review also appeared in slightly modified form in Sciences Religieuses/Studies in Religion, 10/3 (1981), pp. 370–372].

     Nasir-i Khusraw, Forty Poems from the Divaninfo-icon, tr. Peter Lamborn Wilson and Gholam Reza Aavani, Tehran, 1977 (JAOS, 102, 1982, pp. 214–216).

    Nasr, Seyyed Hossein, ed., Isma‘ili Contributions to Islamic Culture, Tehran, 1977 (JAOS, 102, 1982, p. 213).

    The Precious Pearl: Al-Jami’s al-Durrah al-Fakhirah together with his Glosses and the Commentary of ‘Abd al-Ghafur al-Lari, tr. Nicholas Heer, Albany, NY, 1979 (JNES, 41, April 1982, p. 159).

    Richard, Yann, Le shi‘isme en Iran: Imaminfo-icon et Révolution, Paris, 1980 (JAAR, March, 1982, pp. 120–121).


    Editor of, Henry Corbin, Cyclical Time and Ismaili Gnosis, tr. R. Manheim and J. W. Morris. Islamic Texts and Contexts (London, 1983).

    Preface to Sayed Shah Khusro Hussaini, Sayyidinfo-icon Muhammad al-Husayni-i Gisudiraz (721/1321–825/1422): On Sufism (Delhi, 1983), pp. xv–xvii.

    ‘Abu’l-Hasan Kharaqani’, ‘Abu’l-Wafa’, EIr, 1983.


    ‘Isma‘ili and Sufi Attitudes to Transmigration’, in Y. Tatsuro, ed., International Congress of Human Sciences in Asia and North Africa, Proceedings of ICHSANA, vol. I (Tokyo, 1984), pp. 293–294 [abstract of paper].

    (with T. Izutsu), ‘Sufism, Mysticism, Structuralism – A Dialogue’, Religious Traditions, 7–9 (1984–1986), pp. 1–24 [A Japanese translation of this English ‘Dialogue’ was first published in Shiso, 6 (1984), pp. 22–52. Indonesian translation in Ulumul Qur’aninfo-icon, 1 (1989), pp. 60–69].


    Editor of Nuruddin Isfarayini, Le Révélateur des mystères – Kashif al-Asrar, Texte Persan publié avec deux annexes, traduction et étude préliminaire. Collection ‘Islam spirituel’ (Lagrasse, 1986) [2nd revised edition of Kashif al-Asrar].


    ‘Suhrawardi’s Tales of Initiation (Review-Article)’, JAOS, 107 (1987), pp. 475–486.

    ‘Walayah’, ER.


    Chodkiewicz, Michel, Le Sceau des saints. Prophétie et sainteté dans la doctrine d’Ibn Arabi, Paris, 1986 (BCAI, 4, 1987, pp. 83–85).

    Freitag, Rainer, Seelenwanderung in der islamischen Haresie, Berlin, 1985(BCAI, 4, 1987, pp. 58–61).

    Marquet, Yves, Poésie ésotérique ismaélienne. La Ta’iyya de ‘Amirinfo-icon b. ‘Amir al-Basri, Paris, 1985 (BCAI, 4, 1987, pp. 64–65).

    The Path of God’s Bondsmen from Origin to Return... Translated from the Persian by Hamid Algar, New York, 1982 (JAOS, 107, 1987, pp. 803–805).


    ‘La prière et la vie mystique (Islam)’, EU, 1988.


    Shahrastani, Livre des religions et des sectes, I, tr. Daniel Gimaret and Guy Monnot, Louvain, 1986 (BCAI, 5, 1988, pp. 63–65).


    (with Fred A. Reed, et al.), ‘Deciphering Babel: Translation and Communication’, CBC Ideas (27 February/6 March 1989).



    Addas, Claude, Ibn ‘Arabi ou la quête du soufre rouge, Paris, 1989 (BCAI, 7, 1990, pp. 47–49).

    Chittick, William C., The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al-Arabi’s Metaphysics of Imagination, Albany, NY, 1989 (MEJ, 44, 1990, pp. 336–337).

    Das Sendschreiben al-Qushayris über das Sufitum, eingeleitet, übersetzt und kommentiert von Richard Gramlich, Stuttgart, 1989 (BCAI, 7, 1990, pp. 39–41).

    Sejestani, Abu Ya‘qub, Le Dévoilement des choses cachées (Kashf al-Mahjub): Recherches de philosophie ismaélienne, tr. Henry Corbin, Lagrasse, 1988 (BCAI, 7, 1990, p. 65).


    ‘Ghazali and “Religionswissenschaft”: Some Notes on the Mishkat al-Anwar – For Professor Charles J. Adams’, AS/EA, 45 (1991), pp. 19–72. [Persian translation in: Muhaqqiq-Nama ed. B. Khurramshahi (Tehran, 1380/2001), pp. 1020–1086; re-published in Dar-Amadi bar Kashakash-i Ghazali wa Isma‘iliyan ed. M. Karimi-Zanjani-Asl (Tehran, 1381/[2002?]), vol. 2, pp. 463–543].


    Meier, Fritz, Baha’-i Walad. Grundzüge seines Lebens und seiner Mystik, Leiden, 1989 (BCAI, 8, 1991, pp. 50–51).


    ‘Kurbin va Izutsu az Nigah-i Landult’, Kiyan, 17 (1372/[1994]), pp. 48–50.


    Ebn-e Monavvar, Mohammad, The Secrets of God’s Mystical Oneness or The Spiritual Stations of Shaikh Abu Sa‘id, tr. John O’Kane, Costa Mesa, CA, and New York,

    1992 (BCAI, 11, 1994, p. 85).

    Hamadani, ‘Ayn Al-Quzat, Les Tentations métaphysiques (Tamhidat). Présentation, traduction... par Christiane Tortel, Paris, 1992 (BCAI, 11, 1994, pp. 86–87).

    Radtke, Bernd, ed., Drei Schriften des Theosophen von Tirmid: Das Buch vom Leben der Gottesfreunde; Ein Antwortschreiben nach Sarahs; Ein Antwortschreiben nach Rayy, Beirut and Stuttgart, 1991 (JAOS, 114, 1994, pp. 303–304).

    Radtke, Bernd, ed., Adabinfo-icon al-Muluk: Ein Handbuch zur islamischen Mystik aus dem 4./10. Jahrhundert, Beirut and Stuttgart, 1991 (JAOS, 114, 1994, pp. 457–459).

    Walbridge, John, The Science of Mystic Lights. Qutbinfo-icon al-Dininfo-icon Shirazi and the Illuminationist Tradition in Islamic Philosophy, Cambridge, MA, 1992 (BCAI, 11, 1994, pp. 123–125) [A Persian translation of this review was also published in Iran-shenasi (Chicago) vi (1995), pp. 873–876].


    (with R. Davari, N. Pourjavady, et al.), ‘Forum on Islam and the West’, [in Persian], Nameh Farhang, A Quarterly Journal on Cultural and Social Research (Tehran: Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance), 17 (Spring, 1995), pp. 4–8, 15–29.

    ‘Sa‘d al-Din al-Hammu’i’, EI2, 1995.


    Editor of Section on ‘Muslim Mystics’, in Howard M. Federspiel, (general ed.), An Anthology of Islamic Studies, Volume II (Montreal, 1996)

    ‘Prayer and the Mystical Life in Islam’, in Howard M. Federspiel, (general ed.), An Anthology of Islamic Studies, Volume II (Montreal, 1996), pp. 20–23 [= English version of ‘La prière et la vie mystique (Islam)’, see above 1988].

    ‘The role of Sufism in the world of Islam’, in Howard M. Federspiel, (general ed.), An Anthology of Islamic Studies, Volume II (Montreal, 1996), pp. 109–111.

    “ ‘La double échelle” d’Ibn ‘Arabi chez Simnani’, in M. A. Amir-Moezzi, ed., Le voyage initiatique en terre d’Islam. Ascensions célestes et itinéraires spirituels, Bibliothèque de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes, Section des Sciences Religieuses, tome 103/Institut Français de Recherche en Iran (Louvain and Paris, 1996), pp. 251–264.

    ‘Le paradoxe de la “face de Dieu”: ‘Aziz-e Nasafi (VIIe/XIIIe siècle) et le “monisme ésotérique” de l’Islam’, SIr, 25 (1996), pp. 163–192.

    ‘Le soufisme à travers l’œuvre de ‘Aziz-e Nasafi: Etude du Ketab-e Tanzilinfo-icon’, in Annuaire de l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Section des Sciences Religieuses, 103 (1994–1995) (Paris, 1996), pp. 227–229.


    Preface to Diane Steigerwald, La pensée philosophique et théologique de Shahrastani (m. 548/1153) (Saint-Nicolas (Québec), 1997), pp. vii–viii.


    ‘‘Aziz-i Nasafi and the essence-existence debate’, in Sayyid Jalal al-Din Ashtiyani et al., ed., Consciousness and Reality: Studies in Memory of Toshihiko Izutsu (Tokyo, 1998), pp. 387–395 [A Persian translation of this article was published in ‘Special Issue dedicated to the commemoration of Professor Seyyed Jalaloddin Ashtiyani’, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies: A Research Journal, 41–42 (Autumn–Winter, 1377/1998–1999), Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, pp. 407–417].

    ‘Abu Hatim al-Razi’, ‘Abu Ya‘qub al-Sijzi’, ‘Ibn Sina’, EAL, 1998.


    Elias, Jamal J., The Throne Carrier of God: The Life and Thought of ‘Ala’ad-Dawlainfo-icon as-Simnani, Albany, NY, 1995 (IJMES, 30, 1998, pp. 457–459).

    Schubert, Gudrun, ed., Annäherungen: Der mystisch-philosophische Briefwechsel zwischen Sadr ud-Dininfo-icon-i Qonawi und Naßir ud-Din-i Éusi, Edition und kommentierte Inhaltsangabe (Bibliotheca Islamica, 43), Beirut and Stuttgart, 1995 (BSOAS, 61, 1998, pp. 332–334). {ed. note: please insert a line over the o in ‘Qonawi’}


    ‘Henry Corbin (1903–1978): Between Philosophy and Orientalism (Brief Communication)’, JAOS, 119 (1999), pp. 484–490 [Originally paper read at 35th ICANAS conference, Budapest, July 1997].


    ‘Fritz Meier (1912–1998)’, SIr, 29 (2000), pp. 143–146.

    ‘Haydar-i Amuli et les deux mi‘rajs’, SI, 91 (2000), pp. 91–106 [Originally paper read at 4th SIE Conference, Paris, September 1999].

    ‘Khwaja Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (597/1201–672/1274), Isma‘ilism, and Ishraqi Philosophy’, in N. Pourjavady and Z. Vesel, ed., Nasir al-Din Tusi: Philosophe et savant du XIIIe siècle (Actes du colloque tenu à l’Université de Téhéran 6–9 mars 1997) (Tehran, 2000), pp. 119–136.

    ‘Nasafi and the Bayan al-Tanzil’, Introduction to Sayyid ‘Ali Ahghar Mir-Baqiri Fard, ed., Bayan al-Tanzil, Anjuman-i Athar u Mafakhir-i Farhangi, Series Nr. 225 (Tehran, 1379/2000), pp. 1–18.

    ‘Stages of God-cognition and the Praise of Folly according to Najm-i Razi (d. 1256)’, [revised English translation of ‘Stufen der Gotteserkenntnis...’], SUFI, 47 (Autumn 2000), pp. 31–43.


    De Smet, Daniel, La quiétude de l’Intellect: Néoplatonisme et gnose ismaélienne dans l’œuvre de Hamid ad-Din al-Kirmani (Xe/XIe s.). Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta, 67, Leuven, 1995 (ZDMG, 150, 2000, pp. 639–642).

    Nasir Khusraw, Knowledge and Liberation: A Treatise on Philosophical Theology. Edited and Translated by Faquir M. Hunzai, Introduced by Parviz Morewedge, London and New York, 1998 (BCAI, 16, 2000, p. 75).

    Nasir al-Din Tusi, Contemplation and Action: The Spiritual Autobiography of a Muslim Scholar. A New Edition and English Translation of Sayr wa Suluk by S. J. Badakhshani, London and New York, 1998 (BCAI, 16, 2000, p. 84).


    Translator of ‘Abu Ya‘qub Sijistani, Kashf al-mahjub (‘Unveiling of the Hidden’) [translation of selections from the Persian text, with an introduction]’, in Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Mehdi Aminrazavi, ed., An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, vol. 2 (Oxford, 2000), pp. 71–124.

    ‘Henry Corbin’s Understanding of Mullainfo-icon Sadra’ in Islam-West Philosophical Dialogue: The Papers presented at the World Congress on Mulla Sadra (May, 1999, Tehran). Volume 1: Mulla Sadra and Transcendent Philosophy (Tehran, 1380/2001), pp. 163–172. [Persian translation in: Majmu‘ia-yi Maqalat-i Hamayish-i Jahani-i Buzurgdasht-i Hakim Sadr al-Muta‘allihin (Sal 1378). Jild-i awwal: Mulla Sadra wa hikmatinfo-icon-i muta‘ialiya (Tehran, 1380/2001), pp. 23–32. Another Persian translation appeared in the Tehran periodical Kimiya, vol. 5 (1382/2003), pp. 255–264].

    ‘La transmigration de l’ame (tanasukh) dans le shi‘isme et le soufisme’ in Annuaire de l’Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, Section des Sciences Religieuses, 108 (1999–2000), pp. 243–244.

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