Approaches to the plurality of religions vary from exclusivist monism to all-inclusive universalism. Mark Sedgwick will examine these approaches from a historical perspective, starting with classic positions in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. He will then turn to perennialism, an approach that has its origins in the Renaissance concept of the prisca theologia, an ancient universal revelation.
Thirty IIS alumni from across Asia, Europe and North America came together in Istanbul, Turkey, in November 2011 to discuss the theme Contested Landscape: Shari‘a Today.
Culture shapes every aspect of the relationship between God and the believer in Islam – as well as between believers, and with those beyond the fold. Fasts, prayers and pilgrimages are attuned to social rhythms, old and new, no less than the designs of mosques and public gardens, the making of ‘religious’ music, and ways of thinking about technology and wellbeing. Ancient deserts and modern urban landscapes may echo with the same call for transcendence, but in voices that emerge from very different everyday realities.