Indonesia, the world’s most populous Muslim country, has a vibrant intellectual community that is undertaking interesting and challenging work on Islam. This volume brings together a cross-section of Muslim intellectuals, from traditionalists to neo-modernists, and makes their varied approaches to the Qur’an accessible in English to a wider, global audience for the first time. Topics covered range from textual interpretation and religious pluralism to debates on polygamy and the use of Qur’anic verses in Indonesian politics. The essays reflect the interests and approaches of a new generation of Indonesian Muslim scholars, who seek guidance from traditional religious texts within a contemporary context.