Safavid Iran

Patterns of Wisdom in Safavid Iran: The Philosophical School of Isfahan and the Gnostic of Shiraz

The exceptional intellectual richness of 17th-century Safavid Iran is epitomised by the philosophical school of Isfahan, and in particular by its ostensible founder, Mīr Dāmād (d. 1040/1631), and his great student Mullā Ṣadrā (aka Ṣadr al-Dīn Shīrāzī, d. 1045/1635–1636). To their respective platonic and existentialist doctrines can be added the apophatic wisdom of Rajab ʿAlī Tabrīzī (d. 1080/1669–1670).

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